This programme has been developed in collaboration with the IGNOU regional centre, Delhi-2.
Over the years, the demand for water has increased phenomenally due to a consistent increase in population, growing urbanisation, industrialisation and increasing demand for agriculture produce.
This has also resulted in over exploitation of limited surface as well as ground water resources, and as a consequentce consistently and continuously depleting ground water table. The situation in urban areas is even more serious.
Accordingly, there is an urgent need for not only conservation of water resources but also its augmentation through effective strategies and management, particularly in view of the ever rising demand for water from various competing sectors.
Rainwater harvesting essentially means collection and storage of the rainwater from rooftop or from a surface catchments for future use. This takes care of the ever growing requirement for water, increases soil moisture level, thereby enhancing urban greenery, rise in the ground water table through artificial recharge and also improves quality of ground water.
Town planners and civic authorities all over the country have introduced by-laws for encouraging rainwater harvesting. Despite various initiatives including legislative measures, very little rainfall is conserved and harvested. There is a tremendous possibility for harnessing the rainwater for augmenting the existing water resources. This calls for generating mass awareness and dissemination of knowledge and skills with regard to rain water harvesting techniques and management for the optimal use of harvested water through trained human resource. This programme would especially be useful for those living in water scarce and drought prone areas.
The programme aims at:
- ·Sensitising and educating learners on augmentation and utilisation of water resources;
- ·Imparting knowledge, skills and expertise to understand water harvesting techniques;
- ·Enabling learners to act as trainers and organisers at household and community levels for efficient water management in terms of its usage and also for water conservation.